In summer all right-minded boys built huts in the furze-hill behind the College - little lairs whittled out of the heart of the prickly bushes, full of stumps, odd root-ends, and spikes, but, since they were strictly forbidden, palaces of delight. And for the fifth summer in succession, Stalky, M'Turk, and Beetle (this was before they reached the dignity of a study) had built, like beavers, a place of retreat and meditation, where they smoked.
Now, there was nothing in their characters, as known to Mr. Prout, their house-master, at all commanding respect; nor did Foxy, the subtle red-haired school Sergeant, trust them. His business was to wear tennis-shoes, carry binoculars, and swoop hawk-like upon evil boys. Had he taken the field alone, that hut would have been raided, for Foxy knew the manners of his quarry; but Providence moved Mr. Prout, whose school-name, derived from the size of his feet, was Hoofer, to investigate on his own account; and it was the cautious Stalky who found the track of his pugs on the very floor of their lair one peaceful afternoon when Stalky would fain have forgotten Prout and his works in a volume of Surtees and a new briar-wood pipe. Crusoe, at sight of the footprint, did not act more swiftly than Stalky. He removed the pipes, swept up all loose match-ends, and departed to warn Beetle and M'Turk.
But it was characteristic of the boy that he did not approach his allies till he had met and conferred with little Hartopp, President of the Natural History Society, an institution which Stalky held in contempt. Hartopp was more than surprised when the boy meekly, as he knew how, begged to propose himself, Beetle, and M'Turk as candidates; confessed to a long-smothered interest in first-flowerings, early butterflies, and new arrivals, and volunteered, if Mr. Hartopp saw fit, to enter on the new life at once. Being a master, Hartopp was suspicious; but he was also an enthusiast, and his gentle little soul had been galled by chance-heard remarks from the three, and specially Beetle. So he was gracious to that repentant sinner, and entered the three names in his book.
Then, and not till then, did Stalky seek Beetle and M'Turk in their house form-room. They were stowing away books for a quiet afternoon in the furze, which they called the "wuzzy".
"All up", said Stalky, serenely. "I spotted Heffy's fairy feet round our hut after dinner. 'Blessing they're so big."
"Con-found! Did you hide our pipes?" said Beetle.
"Oh, no. Left 'em in the middle of the hut, of course. What a blind ass you are, Beetle! D'you think nobody thinks but yourself? Well, we can't use the hut any more. Hoofer will be watchin' it."
"'Bother! Likewise blow!'" said M'Turk thoughtfully, unpacking the volumes with which his chest was cased. The boys carried their libraries between their belt and their collar. "Nice job! This means we're under suspicion for the rest of the term."
"Why? All that Heffy has found is a hut. He and Foxy will watch it. It's nothing to do with us; only we mustn't be seen that way for a bit."
"Yes, and where else are we to go?" said Beetle. "You chose that place, too - an' - an' I wanted to read this afternoon."
Stalky sat on a desk drumming his heels on the form.
"You're a despondin' brute, Beetle. Sometimes I think I shall have to drop you altogether. Did you ever know your Uncle Stalky forget you yet? His rebus infectis - after I'd seen Heffy's man-tracks marchin' round our hut, I found little Hartopp - destricto ense - wavin' a butterfly-net. I conciliated Hartopp. 'Told him that you'd read papers to the Bug-hunters if he'd let you join, Beetle. 'Told him you liked butterflies, Turkey. Anyhow, I soothed the Hartoffles, and we're Bug-hunters now."
"What's the good of that?" said Beetle.
"Oh, Turkey, kick him!"
In the interests of science, bounds were largely relaxed for the members of the Natural History Society. They could wander, if they kept clear of all houses, practically where they chose; Mr. Hartopp holding himself responsible for their good conduct.
Beetle began to see this as M'Turk began the kicking.
"I'm an ass, Stalky!" he said, guarding the afflicted part. "Pax, Turkey. I'm an ass."
"Don't stop, Turkey. Isn't your Uncle Stalky a great man?"
"Great man", said Beetle.
"All the same bug-huntin's a filthy business", said M'Turk. "How the deuce does one begin?"
"This way", said Stalky, turning to some fags' lockers behind him. "Fags are dabs at Natural History. Here's young Braybrooke's botany-case." He flung out a tangle of decayed roots and adjusted the slide. "'Gives one no end of a professional air, I think. Here's Clay Minor's geological hammer. Beetle can carry that. Turkey, you'd better covet a butterfly-net from somewhere."
"I'm blowed if I do", said M'Turk simply, with immense feeling. "Beetle, give me the hammer."
"All right. I'm not proud. Chuck us down that net on top of the lockers, Stalky."
"That's all right. It's a collapsible jamboree, too. Beastly luxurious dogs these fags are. Built like a fishin'-rod. 'Pon my sainted Sam, but we look the complete Bug-hunters! Now, listen to your Uncle Stalky! We're goin' along the cliffs after butterflies. Very few chaps come there. We're goin' to leg it, too. You'd better leave your book behind."
"Not much!" said Beetle, firmly. "I'm not goin' to be done out of my fun for a lot of filthy butterflies."
"Then you'll sweat horrid. You'd better carry my Jorrocks. 'Twon't make you any hotter."
They all sweated; for Stalky led them at a smart trot west away along the cliffs under the furze-hills, crossing combe after gorzy combe. They took no heed to flying rabbits or fluttering fritillaries, and all that Turkey said of geology was utterly unquotable.
"Are we going to Clovelly?" he puffed at last, and they flung themselves down on the short, springy turf between the drone of the sea below and the light summer wind among the inland trees. They were looking into a combe half full of old, high furze in gay bloom that ran up to a fringe of brambles and a dense wood of mixed timber and hollies. It was as though one-half the combe were filled with golden fire to the cliff's edge. The side nearest to them was open grass, and fairly bristled with notice-boards.
"Fee-rocious old cove, this", said Stalky, reading the nearest. "'Prosecuted with the utmost rigour of the law. G. M. Dabney, Col., J.P.', an' all the rest of it. 'Don't seem to me that any chap in his senses would trespass here, does it?"
"You've got to prove damage 'fore you can prosecute for anything! 'Can't prosecute for trespass", said M'Turk, whose father held many acres in Ireland. "That's all rot!"
"Glad of that, 'cause this looks like what we wanted. Not straight across, Beetle, you blind lunatic! Any one could spot us half a mile off. This way; and furl up your beastly butterfly-net."
Beetle disconnected the ring, thrust the net into a pocket, shut up the handle to a two-foot stave, and slid the cane-ring round his waist. Stalky led inland to the wood, which was, perhaps, a quarter of a mile from the sea, and reached the fringe of the brambles.
"Now we can get straight down through the furze, and never show up at all", said the tactician. "Beetle, go ahead and explore. Snf! Snf! Beastly stink of fox somewhere!"
On all fours, save when he clung to his spectacles, Beetle wormed into the gorse, and presently announced between grunts of pain that he had found a very fair fox-track. This was well for Beetle, since Stalky pinched him a tergo. Down that tunnel they crawled. It was evidently a highway for the inhabitants of the combe; and, to their inexpressible joy, ended, at the very edge of the cliff, in a few square feet of dry turf walled and roofed with impenetrable gorse.
"By gum! There isn't a single thing to do except lie down", said Stalky, returning a knife to his pocket. "Look here!"
He parted the tough stems before him, and it was as a window opened on a far view of Lundy, and the deep sea sluggishly nosing the pebbles a couple of hundred feet below. They could hear young jackdaws squawking on the ledges, the hiss and jabber of a nest of hawks somewhere out of sight; and, with great deliberation, Stalky spat on to the back of a young rabbit sunning himself far down where only a cliff-rabbit could have found foothold. Great gray and black gulls screamed against the jackdaws; the heavy-scented acres of bloom round them were alive with low-nesting birds, singing or silent as the shadow of the wheeling hawks passed and returned; and on the naked turf across the combe rabbits thumped and frolicked.
"Whew! What a place! Talk of natural history; this is it", said Stalky, filling himself a pipe. "Isn't it scrumptious? Good old sea!" He spat again approvingly, and was silent.
M'Turk and Beetle had taken out their books and were lying on their stomachs, chin in hand. The sea snored and gurgled; the birds, scattered for the moment by these new animals, returned to their businesses, and the boys read on in the rich, warm sleepy silence.
"Hullo, here's a keeper", said Stalky, shutting Handley Cross cautiously, and peering through the jungle. A man with a gun appeared on the sky-line to the east. "Confound him, he's going to sit down!"
"He'd swear we were poachin' too", said Beetle. "What's the good of pheasants' eggs? They're always addled."
"'Might as well get up to the wood, I think", said Stalky. "We don't want G. M. Dabney, Col., J.P., to be bothered about us so soon. Up the wuzzy and keep quiet! He may have followed us, you know."
Beetle was already far up the tunnel. They heard him gasp indescribably: there was the crash of a heavy body leaping through the furze.
"Aie! yeou little red rascal. I see yeou!" The keeper threw the gun to his shoulder, and fired both barrels in their direction. The pellets dusted the dry stems round them as a big fox plunged between Stalky's legs, and ran over the cliff-edge.
They said nothing till they reached the wood, torn, disheveled, hot, but unseen.
"Narrow squeak", said Stalky. "I'll swear some of the pellets went through my hair."
"Did you see him?" said Beetle. "I almost put my hand on him. Wasn't he a wopper! Didn't he stink! Hullo, Turkey, what's the matter? Are you hit?"
M'Turk's lean face had turned pearly white; his mouth, generally half open, was tight shut, and his eyes blazed. They had never seen him like this save once, in a sad time of civil war.
"Do you know that that was just as bad as murder?" he said, in a grating voice, as he brushed prickles from his head.
"Well, he didn't hit us", said Stalky. "I think it was rather a lark. Here, where are you going?"
"I'm going up to the house, if there is one", said M'Turk, pushing through the hollies. "I am going to tell this Colonel Dabney."
"Are you crazy? He'll swear it served us jolly well right. He'll report us. It'll be a public lickin'. Oh, Turkey, don't be an ass! Think of us!"
"You fool!" said M'Turk, turning savagely. "D'you suppose I'm thinkin' of us. It's the keeper."
"He's cracked", said Beetle miserably, as they followed. Indeed, this was a new Turkey - a haughty, angular, nose-lifted Turkey - whom they accompanied through a shrubbery on to a lawn, where a white-whiskered old gentleman with a cleek was alternately putting and blaspheming vigorously.
"Are you Colonel Dabney?" M'Turk began in this new creaking voice of his.
"I - I am, and" - his eyes travelled up and down the boy - "who - what the devil d'you want? Ye've been disturbing my pheasants. Don't attempt to deny it. Ye needn't laugh at it. [M'Turk's not too lovely features had twisted themselves into a horrible sneer at the word "pheasant".] You've been bird's-nesting. You needn't hide your hat. I can see that you belong to the College. Don't attempt to deny it. Ye do! Your name and number at once, sir. Ye want to speak to me - Eh? You saw my notice-boards? 'Must have. Don't attempt to deny it. Ye did! Damnable, oh damnable!"
He choked with emotion. M'Turk's heel tapped the lawn and he stuttered a little - two sure signs that he was losing his temper. But why should he, the offender, be angry?
"Lo-look here, sir. Do - do you shoot foxes? Because, if you don't, your keeper does. We've seen him! I do-don't care what you call us - but it's an awful thing. It's the ruin of good feelin' among neighbors. A ma-man ought to say once and for all how he stands about preservin'. It's worse than murder, because there's no legal remedy." M'Turk was quoting confusedly from his father, while the old gentleman made noises in his throat.
"Do you know who I am?" he gurgled at last; Stalky and Beetle quaking.
"No, sorr, nor do I care if ye belonged to the Castle itself. Answer me now, as one gentleman to another. Do ye shoot foxes or do ye not?"
And four years before Stalky and Beetle had carefully kicked M'Turk out of his Irish dialect! Assuredly he had gone mad or taken a sunstroke, and as assuredly he would be slain - once by the old gentleman and once by the Head. A public licking for the three was the least they could expect. Yet - if their eyes and ears were to be trusted - the old gentleman had collapsed. It might be a lull before the storm, but -
"I do not." He was still gurgling.
"Then you must sack your keeper. He's not fit to live in the same county with a God-fearin' fox. An' a vixen, too - at this time o' year!"
"Did ye come up on purpose to tell me this?"
"Of course I did, ye silly man", with a stamp of the foot. "Would you not have done as much for me if you'd seen that thing happen on my land, now?"
Forgotten - forgotten was the College and the decency due to elders! M'Turk was treading again the barren purple mountains of the rainy West coast, where in his holidays he was viceroy of four thousand naked acres, only son of a three-hundred-year-old house, lord of a crazy fishing-boat, and the idol of his father's shiftless tenantry. It was the landed man speaking to his equal - deep calling to deep - and the old gentleman acknowledged the cry.
"I apologize", said he. "I apologize unreservedly - to you, and to the Old Country. Now, will you be good enough to tell me your story?"
"We were in your combe", M'Turk began, and he told his tale alternately as a schoolboy, and, when the iniquity of the thing overcame him, as an indignant squire; concluding: "So you see he must be in the habit of it. I - we - one never wants to accuse a neighbor's man; but I took the liberty in this case - "
"I see. Quite so. For a reason ye had. Infamous - oh, infamous!" The two had fallen into step beside each other on the lawn, and Colonel Dabney was talking as one man to another. "This comes of promoting a fisherman - a fisherman - from his lobster-pots. It's enough to ruin the reputation of an archangel. Don't attempt to deny it. It is! Your father has brought you up well. He has. I'd much like the pleasure of his acquaintance. Very much, indeed. And these young gentlemen? English they are. Don't attempt to deny it. They came up with you, too? Extraordinary! Extraordinary, now! In the present state of education I shouldn't have thought any three boys would be well enough grounded.... But out of the mouths of - No - no! Not that by any odds. Don't attempt to deny it. Ye're not! Sherry always catches me under the liver, but - beer, now? Eh? What d'you say to beer, and something to eat? It's long since I was a boy - abominable nuisances; but exceptions prove the rule. And a vixen, too!"
They were fed on the terrace by a gray-haired housekeeper. Stalky and Beetle merely ate, but M'Turk with bright eyes continued a free and lofty discourse; and ever the old gentleman treated him as a brother.
"My dear man, of course ye can come again. Did I not say exceptions prove the rule? The lower combe? Man, dear, anywhere ye please, so long as you do not disturb my pheasants. The two are not incompatible. Don't attempt to deny it. They're not! I'll never allow another gun, though. Come and go as ye please. I'll not see you, and ye needn't see me. Ye've been well brought up. Another glass of beer, now? I tell you a fisherman he was and a fisherman he shall be to-night again. He shall! 'Wish I could drown him. I'll convoy you to the Lodge. My people are not precisely - ah - broke to boy, but they'll know you again."
He dismissed them with many compliments by the high Lodge gate in the split-oak park palings and they stood still; even Stalky, who had played second, not to say a dumb, fiddle, regarding M'Turk as one from another world. The two glasses of strong home-brewed had brought a melancholy upon the boy, for, slowly strolling with his hands in his pockets, he crooned:
"Oh, Paddy dear, and did ye hear the news that's goin' round?"
Under other circumstances Stalky and Beetle would have fallen upon him, for that song was barred utterly - anathema - the sin of witchcraft. But seeing what he had wrought, they danced round him in silence, waiting till it pleased him to touch earth.
The tea-bell rang when they were still half a mile from College. M'Turk shivered and came out of dreams. The glory of his holiday estate had left him. He was a Colleger of the College, speaking English once more.
"Turkey, it was immense!" said Stalky, generously. "I didn't know you had it in you. You've got us a hut for the rest of the term, where we simply can't be collared. Fids! Fids! Oh, fids! I gloat! Hear me gloat!"
They spun wildly on their heels, jodelling after the accepted manner of a "gloat", which is not unremotely allied to the primitive man's song of triumph, and dropped down the hill by the path from the gasometer just in time to meet their house-master, who had spent the afternoon watching their abandoned hut in the "wuzzy".
Unluckily, all Mr. Prout's imagination leaned to the darker side of life, and he looked on those young-eyed cherubim most sourly. Boys that he understood attended house-matches and could be accounted for at any moment. But he had heard M'Turk openly deride cricket - even house-matches; Beetle's views on the honour of the house he knew were incendiary; and he could never tell when the soft and smiling Stalky was laughing at him. Consequently - since human nature is what it is - those boys had been doing wrong somewhere. He hoped it was nothing very serious, but...
"Ti-ra-la-la-i-tu! I gloat! Hear me!" Stalky, still on his heels, whirled like a dancing dervish to the dining-hall.
"Ti-ra-la-la-i-tu! I gloat! Hear me!" Beetle spun behind him with outstretched arms.
"Ti - ra - la - la - i - tu! I gloat! Hear me!" M'Turk's voice cracked.
Now was there or was there not a distinct flavor of beer as they shot past Mr. Prout?
He was unlucky in that his conscience as a house-master impelled him to consult his associates. Had he taken his pipe and his troubles to little Hartopp's rooms he would, perhaps, have been saved confusion, for Hartopp believed in boys, and knew something about them. His fate led him to King, a fellow house-master, no friend of his, but a zealous hater of Stalky & Co.
"Ah-haa!" said King, rubbing his hands when the tale was told. "Curious! Now my house never dream of doing these things."
"But you see I've no proof, exactly."
"Proof? With the egregious Beetle! As if one wanted it! I suppose it is not impossible for the Sergeant to supply it? Foxy is considered at least a match for any evasive boy in my house. Of course they were smoking and drinking somewhere. That type of boy always does. They think it manly."
"But they've no following in the school, and they are distinctly - er - brutal to their juniors", said Prout, who had from a distance seen Beetle return, with interest, his butterfly-net to a tearful fag.
"Ah! They consider themselves superior to ordinary delights. Self-sufficient little animals! There's something in M'Turk's Hibernian sneer that would make me a little annoyed. And they are so careful to avoid all overt acts, too. It's sheer calculated insolence. I am strongly opposed, as you know, to interfering with another man's house; but they need a lesson, Prout. They need a sharp lesson, if only to bring down their over-weening self-conceit. Were I you, I should devote myself for a week to their little performances. Boys of that order - and I may flatter myself, but I think I know boys - don't join the Bug-hunters for love. Tell the Sergeant to keep his eye open; and, of course, in my peregrinations I may casually keep mine open too."
"Ti-ra-la-la-i-tu! I gloat! Hear me!" far down the corridor.
"Disgusting!" said King. "Where do they pick up these obscene noises? One sharp lesson is what they want."
The boys did not concern themselves with lessons for the next few days. They had all Colonel Dabney's estate to play with, and they explored it with the stealth of Red Indians and the accuracy of burglars. They could enter either by the Lodge-gates on the upper road - they were careful to ingratiate themselves with the Lodge-keeper and his wife - drop down into the combe, and return along the cliffs; or they could begin at the combe and climb up into the road.
They were careful not to cross the Colonel's path - he had served his turn, and they would not out-wear their welcome - nor did they show up on the sky-line when they could move in cover. The shelter of the gorze by the cliff-edge was their chosen retreat. Beetle christened it the Pleasant Isle of Aves, for the peace and the shelter of it; and here, the pipes and tobacco once cachéd in a convenient ledge an arm's length down the cliff, their position was legally unassailable.
For, observe, Colonel Dabney had not invited them to enter his house. Therefore, they did not need to ask specific leave to go visiting; and school rules were strict on that point. He had merely thrown open his grounds to them; and, since they were lawful Bug-hunters, their extended bounds ran up to his notice-boards in the combe and his Lodge-gates on the hill.
They were amazed at their own virtue.
"And even if it wasn't", said Stalky, flat on his back, staring into the blue. "Even suppose we were miles out of bounds, no one could get at us through this wuzzy, unless he knew the tunnel. Isn't this better than lyin' up just behind the Coll. - in a blue funk every time we had a smoke? Isn't your Uncle Stalky - ?"
"No", said Beetle - he was stretched at the edge of the cliff spitting thoughtfully. "We've got to thank Turkey for this. Turkey is the Great Man. Turkey, dear, you're distressing Heffles."
"Gloomy old ass!" said M'Turk, deep in a book.
"They've got us under suspicion", said Stalky. "Hoophats is so suspicious somehow; and Foxy always makes every stalk he does a sort of - sort of - "
"Scalp", said Beetle. "Foxy's a giddy Chingangook."
"Poor Foxy", said Stalky. "He's goin' to catch us one of these days. 'Said to me in the Gym last night, 'I've got my eye on you, Mister Corkran. I'm only warning you for your good.' Then I said, 'Well, you jolly well take it off again, or you'll get into trouble. I'm only warnin' you for your good.' Foxy was wrath."
"Yes, but it's only fair sport for Foxy", said Beetle. "It's Hefflelinga that has the evil mind. 'Shouldn't wonder if he thought we got tight."
"I never got squiffy but once - that was in the holidays", said Stalky reflectively; "an' it made me horrid sick. 'Pon my sacred Sam, though, it's enough to drive a man to drink, havin' an animal like Hoof for house-master."
"If we attended the matches an' yelled, 'Well hit, sir', an' stood on one leg an' grinned every time Heffy said, 'So ho, my sons. Is it thus?' an' said, 'Yes, sir', an' 'No, sir', an' 'Oh, sir', an' 'Please, sir', like a lot o' filthy fa-ags, Heffy 'ud think no end of us", said M'Turk with a sneer.
"'Too late to begin that."
"It's all right. The Hefflelinga means well. But he is an ass. And we show him that we think he's an ass. An' so Heffy don't love us. 'Told me last night after prayers that he was in loco parentis", Beetle grunted.
"The deuce he did!" cried Stalky. "That means he's maturin' something unusual dam' mean. 'Last time he told me that he gave me three hundred lines for dancin' the cachuca in Number Ten dormitory. Loco parentis, by gum! But what's the odds, as long as you're 'appy? We're all right."
They were, and their very rightness puzzled Prout, King, and the Sergeant. Boys with bad consciences show it. They slink out past the Fives Court in haste, and smile nervously when questioned. They return, disordered, in bare time to save a call-over. They nod and wink and giggle one to the other, scattering at the approach of a master. But Stalky and his allies had long outlived these manifestations of youth. They strolled forth unconcernedly, and returned, in excellent shape, after a light refreshment of strawberries and cream at the Lodge.
The Lodge-keeper had been promoted to keeper, vice the murderous fisherman, and his wife made much of the boys. The man, too, gave them a squirrel, which they presented to the Natural History Society; thereby checkmating little Hartopp, who wished to know what they were doing for Science. Foxy faithfully worked some deep Devon lanes behind a lonely cross-roads inn; and it was curious that Prout and King, members of Common-room seldom friendly, walked together in the same direction - that is to say, northeast. Now, the Pleasant Isle of Aves lay due southwest.
"They're deep - day-vilish deep", said Stalky. "Why are they drawin' those covers?"
"Me", said Beetle sweetly. "I asked Foxy if he had ever tasted the beer there. That was enough for Foxy, and it cheered him up a little. He and Heffy were sniffin' round our old hut so long I thought they'd like a change."
"Well, it can't last forever", said Stalky. "Heffy's bankin' up like a thunder-cloud, an' King goes rubbin' his beastly hands, an' grinnin' like a hyena. It's shockin' demoralisin' for King. He'll burst some day."
That day came a little sooner than they expected - came when the Sergeant, whose duty it was to collect defaulters, did not attend an afternoon call-over.
"Tired of pubs, eh? He's gone up to the top of the bill with his binoculars to spot us", said Stalky. "Wonder he didn't think of that before. Did you see old Heffy cock his eye at us when we answered our names? Heffy's in it, too. Ti-ra-la-la-i-tu! I gloat! Hear me! Come on!"
"Aves?" said Beetle.
"Of course, but I'm not smokin' aujourd'hui. Parce que je jolly well pense that we'll be suivi. We'll go along the cliffs, slow, an' give Foxy lots of time to parallel us up above."
They strolled towards the swimming baths, and presently overtook King. "Oh, don't let me interrupt you", he said. "Engaged in scientific pursuits, of course? I trust you will enjoy yourselves, my young friends?"
"You see!" said Stalky, when they were out of earshot. "He can't keep a secret. He's followin' to cut off our line of retreat. He'll wait at the baths till Heffy comes along. They've tried every blessed place except along the cliffs, and now they think they've bottled us. No need to hurry."
They walked leisurely over the combes till they reached the line of notice-boards.
"Listen a shake. Foxy's up wind comin' down hill like beans. When you hear him move in the bushes, go straight across to Aves. They want to catch us flagrante delicto."
They dived into the gorse at right angles to the tunnel, openly crossing the grass, and lay still in Aves.
"What did I tell you?" Stalky carefully put away the pipes and tobacco. The Sergeant, out of breath, was leaning against the fence, raking the furze with his binoculars, but he might as well have tried to see through a sand-bag. Anon, Prout and King appeared behind him. They conferred.
"Aha! Foxy don't like the notice-boards, and he don't like the prickles either. Now we'll cut up the tunnel and go to the Lodge. Hullo! They've sent Foxy into cover."
The Sergeant was waist-deep in crackling, swaying furze, his ears filled with the noise of his own progress. The boys reached the shelter of the wood and looked down through a belt of hollies.
"Hellish noise!" said Stalky, critically. "'Don't think Colonel Dabney will like it. I move we go into the Lodge and get something to eat. We might as well see the fun out."
Suddenly the keeper passed them at a trot. "Who'm they to combe-bottom for Lard's sake? Master'll be crazy", he said.
"Poachers simly", Stalky replied in the broad Devon that was the boy's langue de guerre.
"I'll poach 'em to raights!" He dropped into the funnel-like combe, which presently began to fill with noises, notably King's voice crying: "Go on, Sergeant! Leave him alone, you, sir. He is executing my orders."
"Who'm yeou to give arders here, gingy whiskers? Yeou come up to the master. Come out o' that wuzzy! [This is to the Sergeant.] Yiss, I reckon us knows the boys yeou'm after. They've tu long ears an' vuzzy bellies, an' you nippies they in yeour pockets when they'm dead. Come on up to master! He'll boy yeou all you'm a mind to. Yeou other folk bide your side fence."
"Explain to the proprietor. You can explain, Sergeant", shouted King. Evidently the Sergeant had surrendered to the major force.
Beetle lay at full length on the turf behind the Lodge, literally biting the earth in spasms of joy.
Stalky kicked him upright. There was nothing of levity about Stalky or M'Turk save a stray muscle twitching on the cheek.
They tapped at the Lodge door, where they were always welcome.
"Come yeou right in an' set down, my little dearrs", said the woman. "They'll niver touch my man. He'll poach 'em to rights. Iss fai! Fresh berries an' cream. Us Dartymoor folk niver forgit their friends. But them Bidevor poachers, they've no hem to their garments. Sugar? My man he've digged a badger for yeou, my dearrs. 'Tis in the linhay in a box."
"Us'll take un with us when we'm finished here. I reckon yeou'm busy. We'll bide here an' - 'tis washin' day with yeou, simly", said Stalky. "We'm no company to make all vitty for. Niver yeou mind us. Yiss. There's plenty cream."
The woman withdrew, wiping her pink hands on her apron, and left them in the parlor. There was a scuffle of feet on the gravel outside the heavily-leaded diamond panes, and then the voice of Colonel Dabney, something clearer than a bugle.
"Ye can read? You've eyes in your head? Don't attempt to deny it. Ye have!"
Beetle snatched a crochet-work antimacassar from the shiny horsehair sofa, stuffed it into his mouth, and rolled out of sight.
"You saw my notice-boards. Your duty? Curse your impudence, sir. Your duty was to keep off my grounds. Talk of duty to me! Why - why - why, ye misbegotten poacher, ye'll be teaching me my A B C next! Roarin' like a bull in the bushes down there! Boys? Boys? Boys? Keep your boys at home, then! I'm not responsible for your boys! But I don't believe it - I don't believe a word of it. Ye've a furtive look in your eye - a furtive, sneakin', poachin' look in your eye, that 'ud ruin the reputation of an archangel! Don't attempt to deny it! Ye have! A sergeant? More shame to you, then, an' the worst bargain Her Majesty ever made! A sergeant, to run about the country poachin' - on your pension! Damnable! Oh, damnable! But I'll be considerate. I'll be merciful. By gad, I'll be the very essence o' humanity! Did ye, or did ye not, see my notice-boards? Don't attempt to deny it! Ye did. Silence, Sergeant!"
Twenty-one years in the army had left their mark on Foxy. He obeyed.
The high Lodge gate shut with a clang. "My duty! A sergeant to tell me my duty!" puffed Colonel Dabney. "Good Lard! more sergeants!"
"It's King! It's King!" gulped Stalky, his head on the horsehair pillow. M'Turk was eating the rag-carpet before the speckless hearth, and the sofa heaved to the emotions of Beetle. Through the thick glass the figures without showed blue, distorted, and menacing.
"I - I protest against this outrage." King had evidently been running up hill. "The man was entirely within his duty. Let - let me give you my card."
"He's in flannels!" Stalky buried his head again.
"Unfortunately - most unfortunately - I have not one with me, but my name is King, sir, a house-master of the College, and you will find me prepared - fully prepared - to answer for this man's action. We've seen three - "
"Did ye see my notice-boards?"
"I admit we did; but under the circumstances - "
"I stand in loco parentis." Prout's deep voice was added to the discussion. They could hear him pant.
"F'what?" Colonel Dabney was growing more and more Irish.
"I'm responsible for the boys under my charge."
"Ye are, are ye? Then all I can say is that ye set them a very bad example - a dam' bad example, if I may say so. I do not own your boys. I've not seen your boys, an' I tell you that if there was a boy grinnin' in every bush on the place, still ye've no shadow of a right here, comin' up from the combe that way, an' frightenin' everything in it. Don't attempt to deny it. Ye did. Ye should have come to the Lodge an' seen me like Christians, instead of chasin' your dam' boys through the length and breadth of my covers. In loco parentis ye are? Well, I've not forgotten my Latin either, an' I'll say to you: 'Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?' If the masters trespass, how can we blame the boys?"
"But if I could speak to you privately", said Prout.
"I'll have nothing private with you! Ye can be as private as ye please on the other side o' that gate an' - I wish ye a very good afternoon."
A second time the gate clanged. They waited till Colonel Dabney had returned to the house, and fell into one another's arms, crowing for breath.
"Oh, my Soul! Oh, my King! Oh, my Heffy! Oh, my Foxy! Zeal, all zeal, Mr. Easy." Stalky wiped his eyes. "Oh! Oh! Oh! - 'I did boil the exciseman!' We must get out of this or we'll be late for tea."
"Ge - ge - get the badger and make little Hartopp happy. Ma - ma - make 'em all happy", sobbed M'Turk, groping for the door and kicking the prostrate Beetle before him.
They found the beast in an evil-smelling box, left two half-crowns for payment, and staggered home. Only the badger grunted most marvellous like Colonel Dabney, and they dropped him twice or thrice with shrieks of helpless laughter. They were but imperfectly recovered when Foxy met them by the Fives Court with word that they were to go up to their dormitory and wait till sent for.
"Well, take this box to Mr. Hartopp's rooms, then. We've done something for the Natural History Society, at any rate", said Beetle.
"'Fraid that won't save you, young gen'elmen", Foxy answered, in an awful voice. He was sorely ruffled in his mind.
"All sereno, Foxibus." Stalky had reached the extreme stage of hiccups. "We - we'll never desert you, Foxy. Hounds choppin' foxes in cover is more a proof of vice, ain't it?... No, you're right. I'm - I'm not quite well."
"They've gone a bit too far this time", Foxy thought to himself. "Very far gone, I'd say, excep' there was no smell of liquor. An' yet it isn't like 'em - somehow. King and Prout they 'ad their dressin'-down same as me. That's one comfort."
"Now, we must pull up", said Stalky, rising from the bed on which he had thrown himself. "We're injured innocence - as usual. We don't know what we've been sent up here for, do we?"
"No explanation. Deprived of tea. Public disgrace before the house", said M'Turk, whose eyes were running over. "It's dam' serious."
"Well, hold on, till King loses his temper", said Beetle. "He's a libellous old rip, an' he'll be in a ravin' paddy-wack. Prout's too beastly cautious. Keep your eye on King, and, if he gives us a chance, appeal to the Head. That always makes 'em sick."
They were summoned to their house-master's study, King and Foxy supporting Prout, and Foxy had three canes under his arm. King leered triumphantly, for there were tears, undried tears of mirth, on the boys' cheeks. Then the examination began.
Yes, they had walked along the cliffs. Yes, they had entered Colonel Dabney's grounds. Yes, they had seen the notice-boards (at this point Beetle sputtered hysterically). For what purpose had they entered Colonel Dabney's grounds? "Well, sir, there was a badger."
Here King, who loathed the Natural History Society because he did not like Hartopp, could no longer be restrained. He begged them not to add mendacity to open insolence. "But the badger is in Mr. Hartopp's rooms, sir." The Sergeant had kindly taken it up for them. That disposed of the badger, and the temporary check brought King's temper to boiling-point. They could hear his foot on the floor while Prout prepared his lumbering inquiries. They had settled into their stride now. Their eyes ceased to sparkle; their faces were blank; their hands hung beside them without a twitch. They were learning, at the expense of a fellow-countryman, the lesson of their race, which is to put away all emotion and entrap the alien at the proper time.
So far good. King was importing himself more freely into the trial, being vengeful where Prout was grieved. They knew the penalties of trespassing? With a fine show of irresolution, Stalky admitted that he had gathered some information vaguely bearing on this head, but he thought - The sentence was dragged out to the uttermost: Stalky did not wish to play his trump with such an opponent. Mr. King desired no buts, nor was he interested in Stalky's evasions. They, on the other hand, might be interested in his poor views. Boys who crept - who sneaked - who lurked - out of bounds, even the generous bounds of the Natural History Society, which they had falsely joined as a cloak for their misdeeds - their vices - their villainies - their immoralities -
"He'll break cover in a minute", said Stalky to himself. "Then we'll run into him before he gets away."
Such boys, scabrous boys, moral lepers - the current of his words was carrying King off his feet - evil-speakers, liars, slow-bellies - yea, incipient drunkards...
He was merely working up to a peroration, and the boys knew it; but M'Turk cut through the frothing sentence, the others echoing:
"I appeal to the Head, sir."
"I appeal to the Head, sir."
"I appeal to the Head, sir."
It was their unquestioned right. Drunkenness meant expulsion after a public flogging. They had been accused of it. The case was the Head's, and the Head's alone.
"Thou hast appealed unto Cæsar: unto Cæsar shalt thou go." They had heard that sentence once or twice before in their careers. "None the less", said King uneasily, "you would be better advised to abide by our decision, my young friends."
"Are we allowed to associate with the rest of the school till we see the Head, sir?" said M'Turk to his house-master, disregarding King. This at once lifted the situation to its loftiest plane. Moreover it meant no work, for moral leprosy was strictly quarantined, and the Head never executed judgment till twenty-four cold hours later.
"Well - er - if you persist in your defiant attitude", said King, with a loving look at the canes under Foxy's arm. "There is no alternative."
Ten minutes later the news was over the whole school. Stalky & Co. had fallen at last - fallen by drink. They had been drinking. They had returned blind-drunk from a hut. They were even now lying hopelessly intoxicated on the dormitory floor. A few bold spirits crept up to look, and received boots about the head.
"We've got him - got him on the Caudine Toasting-fork!" said Stalky, after those hints were taken. "King'll have to prove his charges up to the giddy hilt."
"Too much ticklee, him bust", Beetle quoted from a book of his reading. "Didn't I say he'd go pop if we lat un bide?"
"No prep., either, O ye incipient drunkards", said M'Turk, "and it's trig night, too. Hullo! Here's our dear friend Foxy. More tortures, Foxibus?"
"I've brought you something to eat, young gentlemen", said the Sergeant from behind a crowded tray. Their wars had ever been waged without malice, and a suspicion floated in Foxy's mind that boys who allowed themselves to be tracked so easily might, perhaps, hold something in reserve. Foxy had served through the Mutiny, when early and accurate information was worth much.
"I - I noticed you 'adn't 'ad anything to eat, an' I spoke to Gumbly, an' he said you wasn't exactly cut off from supplies. So I brought up this. It's your potted 'am tin, ain't it, Mr. Corkran?"
"Why, Foxibus, you're a brick", said Stalky. "I didn't think you had this much - what's the word, Beetle?"
"Bowels", Beetle replied, promptly. "Thank you, Sergeant. That's young Carter's potted ham, though."
"There was a C on it. I thought it was Mr. Corkran's. This is a very serious business, young gentlemen. That's what it is. I didn't know, perhaps, but there might be something on your side which you hadn't said to Mr. King or Mr. Prout, maybe."
"There is. Heaps, Foxibus." This from Stalky through a full mouth.
"Then you see, if that was the case, it seemed to me I might represent it, quiet so to say, to the 'Ead when he asks me about it. I've got to take 'im the charges to-night, an' - it looks bad on the face of it."
"'Trocious bad, Foxy. Twenty-seven cuts in the Gym before all the school, and public expulsion. 'Wine is a mocker, strong drink is ragin''", quoth Beetle.
"It's nothin' to make fun of, young gentlemen. I 'ave to go to the 'Ead with the charges. An' - an' you mayn't be aware, per'aps, that I was followin' you this afternoon; havin' my suspicions."
"Did ye see the notice-boards?" croaked M'Turk, in the very brogue of Colonel Dabney.
"Ye've eyes in your head. Don't attempt to deny it. Ye did!" said Beetle.
"A sergeant! To run about poachin' on your pension! Damnable, O damnable!" said Stalky, without pity.
"Good Lord!" said the Sergeant, sitting heavily upon a bed. "Where - where the devil was you? I might ha' known it was a do - somewhere."
"Oh, you clever maniac!" Stalky resumed. "We mayn't be aware you were followin' us this afternoon, mayn't we? 'Thought you were stalkin' us, eh? Why, we led you bung into it, of course. Colonel Dabney - don't you think he's a nice man, Foxy? - Colonel Dabney's our pet particular friend. We've been goin' there for weeks and weeks, he invited us. You and your duty! Curse your duty, sir! Your duty was to keep off his covers."
"You'll never be able to hold up your head again, Foxy. The fags 'll hoot at you", said Beetle. "Think of your giddy prestige!"
The Sergeant was thinking - hard.
"Look 'ere, young gentlemen", he said, earnestly. "You aren't surely ever goin' to tell, are you? Wasn't Mr. Prout and Mr. King in - in it too?"
"Foxibusculus, they was. They was - singular horrid. Caught it worse than you. We heard every word of it. You got off easy, considerin'. If I'd been Dabney I swear I'd ha' quodded you. I think I'll suggest it to him to-morrow."
"An' it's all goin' up to the 'Ead. Oh, Good Lord!"
"Every giddy word of it, my Chingangook", said Beetle, dancing. "Why shouldn't it? We've done nothing wrong. We ain't poachers. We didn't cut about blastin' the characters of poor, innocent boys - saying they were drunk."
"That I didn't", said Foxy. "I - I only said that you be'aved uncommon odd when you come back with that badger. Mr. King may have taken the wrong hint from that."
"'Course he did; an' he'll jolly well shove all the blame on you when he finds out he's wrong. We know King, if you don't. I'm ashamed of you. You ain't fit to be a Sergeant", said M'Turk.
"Not with three thorough-goin' young devils like you, I ain't. I've been had. I've been ambuscaded. Horse, foot, an' guns, I've been had, an' - an' there'll be no holdin' the junior forms after this. M'rover, the 'Ead will send me with a note to Colonel Dabney to ask if what you say about bein' invited was true."
"Then you'd better go in by the Lodge-gates this time, instead of chasin' your dam' boys - oh, that was the Epistle to King - so it was. We-ell, Foxy?" Stalky put his chin on his hands and regarded the victim with deep delight.
"Ti-ra-la-la-i-tu! I gloat! Hear me!" said M'Turk. "Foxy brought us tea when we were moral lepers. Foxy has a heart. Foxy has been in the Army, too."
"I wish I'd ha' had you in my company, young gentlemen", said the Sergeant from the depths of his heart; "I'd ha' given you something."
"Silence at drum-head court-martial", M'Turk went on. "I'm advocate for the prisoner; and, besides, this is much too good to tell all the other brutes in the Coll. They'd never understand. They play cricket, and say, 'Yes sir', and 'Oh, sir', and 'No, sir'."
"Never mind that. Go ahead", said Stalky.
"Well, Foxy's a good little chap when he does not esteem himself so as to be clever."
"'Take not out your 'ounds on a werry windy day'", Stalky struck in. "I don't care if you let him off."
"Nor me", said Beetle. "Heffy is my only joy - Heffy and King."
"I 'ad to do it", said the Sergeant, plaintively.
"Right O! Led away by bad companions in the execution of his duty or - or words to that effect. You're dismissed with a reprimand, Foxy. We won't tell about you. I swear we won't", M'Turk concluded. "Bad for the discipline of the school. Horrid bad."
"Well", said the Sergeant, gathering up the tea-things, "knowin' what I know o' the young dev - gentlemen of the College, I'm very glad to 'ear it. But what am I to tell the 'Ead?"
"Anything you jolly well please, Foxy. We aren't the criminals."
To say that the Head was annoyed when the Sergeant appeared after dinner with the day's crime-sheet would be putting it mildly.
"Corkran, M'Turk, & Co., I see. Bounds as usual. Hullo! What the deuce is this? Suspicion of drinking. Whose charge?"
"Mr. King's, sir. I caught 'em out of bounds, sir: at least that was 'ow it looked. But there's a lot be'ind, sir." The Sergeant was evidently troubled.
"Go on", said the Head. "Let us have your version."
He and the Sergeant had dealt with one another for some seven years; while the Head knew that Mr. King's statements depended very largely on Mr. King's temper.
"I thought they were out of bounds along the cliffs. But it come out they wasn't, sir. I saw them go into Colonel Dabney's woods, and - Mr. King and Mr. Prout come along - and - the fact was, sir, we was mistook for poachers by Colonel Dabney's people - Mr. King and Mr. Prout and me. There were some words, sir, on both sides. The young gentlemen slipped 'ome somehow, and they seemed 'ighly humorous, sir. Mr. King was mistook by Colonel Dabney himself - Colonel Dabney bein' strict. Then they preferred to come straight to you, sir, on account of what - what Mr. King may 'ave said about their 'abits afterwards in Mr. Prout's study. I only said they was 'ighly humorous, laughin' an' gigglin', an' a bit above 'emselves. They've since told me, sir, in a humorous way, that they was invited by Colonel Dabney to go into 'is woods."
"I see. They didn't tell their house-master that, of course."
"They took up Mr. King on appeal just as soon as he spoke about their - 'abits. Put in the appeal at once, sir, an' asked to be sent to the dormitory waitin' for you. I've since gathered, sir, in their humorous way, sir, that some'ow or other they've 'eard about every word Colonel Dabney said to Mr. King and Mr. Prout when he mistook 'em for poachers. I - I might ha' known when they led me on so that they 'eld the inner line of communications. It's - it's a plain do, sir, if you ask me; an' they're gloatin' over it in the dormitory."
The Head saw - saw even to the uttermost farthing - and his mouth twitched a little under his moustache.
"Send them to me at once, Sergeant. This case needn't wait over."
"Good evening", said he when the three appeared under escort. "I want your undivided attention for a few minutes. You've known me for five years, and I've known you for - twenty-five. I think we understand one another perfectly. I am now going to pay you a tremendous compliment. (The brown one, please, Sergeant. Thanks. You needn't wait.) I'm going to execute you without rhyme, Beetle, or reason. I know you went to Colonel Dabney's covers because you were invited. I'm not even going to send the Sergeant with a note to ask if your statement is true; because I am convinced that on this occasion you have adhered strictly to the truth. I know, too, that you were not drinking. (You can take off that virtuous expression, M'Turk, or I shall begin to fear you don't understand me.) There is not a flaw in any of your characters. And that is why I am going to perpetrate a howling injustice. Your reputations have been injured, haven't they? You have been disgraced before the house, haven't you? You have a peculiarly keen regard for the honor of your house, haven't you? Well, now I am going to lick you."
Six apiece was their portion upon that word.
"And this, I think" - the Head replaced the cane, and flung the written charge into the waste-paper basket - "covers the situation. When you find a variation from the normal - this will be useful to you in later life - always meet him in an abnormal way. And that reminds me. There are a pile of paper-backs on that shelf. You can borrow them if you put them back. I don't think they'll take any harm from being read in the open. They smell of tobacco rather. You will go to prep. this evening as usual. Good-night", said that amazing man.
"Good-night, and thank you, sir."
"I swear I'll pray for the Head to-night", said Beetle. "Those last two cuts were just flicks on my collar. There's a Monte Cristo in that lower shelf. I saw it. Bags I, next time we go to Aves!"
"Dearr man!" said M'Turk. "No gating. No impots. No beastly questions. All settled. Hullo! what's King goin' in to him for - King and Prout?"
Whatever the nature of that interview, it did not improve either King's or Prout's ruffled plumes, for, when they came out of the Head's house, eyes noted that the one was red and blue with emotion as to his nose, and that the other was sweating profusely. That sight compensated them amply for the Imperial Jaw with which they were favored by the two. It seems - and who so astonished as they? - that they had held back material facts; were guilty both of suppressio veri and suggestio falsi (well-known gods against whom they often offended); further, that they were malignant in their dispositions, untrustworthy in their characters, pernicious and revolutionary in their influences, abandoned to the devils of wilfulness, pride, and a most intolerable conceit. Ninthly, and lastly, they were to have a care and to be very careful.
They were careful, as only boys can be when there is a hurt to be inflicted. They waited through one suffocating week till Prout and King were their royal selves again; waited till there was a house-match - their own house, too - in which Prout was taking part; waited, further, till he had his pads in the pavilion and stood ready to go forth. King was scoring at the window, and the three sat on a bench without.
Said Stalky to Beetle: "I say, Beetle, quis custodet ipsos custodes?"
"Don't ask me", said Beetle. "I'll have nothin' private with you. Ye can be as private as ye please the other end of the bench; and I wish ye a very good afternoon."
"Well, ye should ha' come up to the lodge like Christians instead o' chasin' your - a-hem - boys through the length an' breadth of my covers. I think these house-matches are all rot. Let's go over to Colonel Dabney's an' see if he's collared any more poachers."
That afternoon there was joy in Aves.
[start of notes]
I have in my possession a paper copy of Stalky & Co., written by Rudyard Kipling, published in 1965 by Macmillan & Co Ltd in London. I have treated this book as the authoritative version.
One of the first few pages has these details:
- This book is copyright in all countries which are signatories to the Berne Convention
- First Edition October 1899
- Reprinted November 1899, 1908, 1910, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919, 1920, 1922, 1924, 1927, 1929, 1935, 1939, 1947
- Library Edition 1950
- Reprinted 1951, 1954, 1957, 1960, 1965
- MACMILLAN AND COMPANY LIMITED
St Martin's Street London WC2
also Bombay Calcutta Madras Melbourne
- THE MACMILLAN COMPANY OF CANADA LIMITED
70 Bond Street Toronto 2
On page 272, there is this detail:
- PRINTED BY R. & R. CLARK, LTD., EDINBURGH
The book is dedicated to:
Headmaster, United Services College
Westward Ho! Bideford, North Devon
I downloaded a text version of this book from Project Gutenberg (link), produced by A. Elizabeth Warren, which I used as my starting text.
www.kiplingsociety.co.uk has published some introductory notes to the Kipling Journal (March 2004), written by Jeffery Lewins and Lisa Lewis, containing an account of an early unfinished Stalky story. I think these notes indicate that "M'Turk" is a shortened form of "McTurk".
The information that Haileybury (Haileybury and Imperial Service College, in Hertfordshire), who have the original manuscripts of the Stalky stories in their archives, had amongst them an unpublished and unfinished story, has been known for some twenty years. Recently the manuscripts, including the unfinished one, "Scylla and Charybdis", became more accessible, and thanks to the kind agreement of both the owners of the ms (Haileybury) and the literary agents (A.P.Watt) to the National Trust, owners of the copyright, we have been able to publish the text of the story in the Kipling Journal (March 2004, No 309), and discuss it fully.
"Scylla and Charybdis" is set in the late 1870s and introduces the three protagonists of the Stalky stories, Corkran (later nicknamed 'Stalky'), M'Turk (called here McTurk, and already nicknamed 'Turkey') and 'Beetle' (Kipling himself). We meet them as second-formers united against all others in the school - in real life Kipling's own school, the United Services College at Westward Ho! in north Devon.
It seems likely that Kipling was dissatisfied with the way "Scylla and Charybdis" was developing as the opening story, and put it by while writing "Stalky" and the other tales that appeared and were collected at that time.
The manuscript of "Scylla and Charybdis" is in a bound volume, 370 mm x 280 mm x 35 mm, one of Rudyard Kipling's mss given by his widow, Carrie Kipling, probably in 1936 or 1937, to the Trustees of the Imperial Service College.
Imperial Service College had absorbed Kipling's own school, the United Services College in 1906, after its move from Westward Ho! and it was to their Trustees, therefore, that the gift was delivered. The ms was highly esteemed and kept by the College at its bankers in Windsor.
Changes from the original text:
- I have removed word-breaking hyphens.
- I have not preserved the original line breaks. I treat each paragraph as a single line.
- I have not preserved page divisions or page numbers.
- I have replaced the original indentation at the start of each paragraph with an empty line after each paragraph.
- I have substituted a hyphen with a space either side of it ( - ) for the em dash used in the original text. I have also made this substitution for any double em dashes.
- In the original text, colons and semicolons are preceded by a thin space, which I have not preserved.
- In the original text, final punctuation marks (. ? !) are followed by two spaces. I have only used one space in this situation.
- I have moved punctuation out from between quotation marks if it is not relevant to the text within those quotation marks.
=> "Hullo, here's a keeper," said Stalky, shutting Handley Cross cautiously, and peering through the jungle.
=> "Hullo, here's a keeper", said Stalky, shutting Handley Cross cautiously, and peering through the jungle.
- In the original text, the single and double quotation marks were curled to indicate whether they were positioned at the start or end of a word/phrase/sentence/sentence_group. I have replaced them with straight quotation marks.
- I have replaced curled apostrophes with straight single quotation marks.
- In the original text, single quotation marks were used to enclose speech spoken by a character and double quotation marks were used to indicate a quotation within the speech spoken by a character. In the Project Gutenberg text, this convention is reversed. All speech is enclosed within double quotation marks and a quotation within a character's speech is denoted by single quotation marks. I have preserved this change.
=> 'Silence at drum-head court-martial', M'Turk went on. 'I'm advocate for the prisoner; and, besides, this is much too good to tell all the other brutes in the Coll. They'd never understand. They play cricket, and say, "Yes sir", and "Oh, sir", and "No, sir".'
=> "Silence at drum-head court-martial", M'Turk went on. "I'm advocate for the prisoner; and, besides, this is much too good to tell all the other brutes in the Coll. They'd never understand. They play cricket, and say, 'Yes sir', and 'Oh, sir', and 'No, sir'."
- In the original text, single quotation marks were used to enclose jargon. I have changed these to double quotation marks.
=> They were stowing away books for a quiet afternoon in the furze, which they called the 'wuzzy'.
=> They were stowing away books for a quiet afternoon in the furze, which they called the "wuzzy".
- In the original text, single quotation marks were used to refer to a word as a word. I have changed these to double quotation marks.
=> M'Turk's not too lovely features had twisted themselves into a horrible sneer at the word 'pheasant'.
=> M'Turk's not too lovely features had twisted themselves into a horrible sneer at the word "pheasant".
- In the Project Gutenberg version, this sentence "Fags are dabs at Natural History." is included within the quotation marks enclosing Stalky's speech (followed by "Here's young Braybrooke's botany-case."). In my copy, it is not included, and is instead part of the main text, but I think this might have been an error. I have preserved the change made in the Project Gutenberg version.
- In the original text, the text of a song ("Oh, Paddy dear, and did ye hear the news that's goin' round?") is in a smaller font size than the main text. For legibility, I prefer that this text should be in the default font size. To preserve the visual distinction between main text and song text, I have set the song text in italics.
[end of notes]